Introduction to Economics


This introductory course aims to set out the essential questions asked by economists and to show the types of breakdowns of social and historical reality to which they refer; to offer students a principle for identifying the main actors in economic life, the objectives they are pursuing, the methods they use in their everyday operations and the strategies they employ; and to put together a framework with which to understand the compatibility of aims and methods between individual actors and between the organisations in which they operate.



  1. Introduction– The field of economic analysis. Flows and stocks. Economic behaviour and accounting balance. Ex-ante and ex-post reasoning. Aggregation. Microeconomics and macroeconomics.
  2. Households
  3. Companies and the production of goods and services
  4. Public administrations
  5. The balance of payments
  6. Aggregated accounts in an open economy



Beffy, P.-O. (2008), Initiation à l'économie: le cadre de l'analyse économique, de Boeck.