The course starts with empirical insights on spatial disparities worldwide. Then, it presents economic theories explaining firms’ and workers’ location choices, with a particular focus on the interaction between trade costs and imperfect competition. It shows that spatial inequalities obey a bell-shaped relationship: while the first stage of economic integration gives firms and mobile workers incentives to congregate in some “core” regions, more advanced stages might produce a reindustrialization of “peripheral” and a deindustrialization of “core” regions. The course ends with a particular focus on the benefits and costs of living in cities and on the empirical evaluation of place-based policies.
At the end of this course, students must be able to:
- have scientific expertise in economic geography and urban economics;
- identify and solve complex/new problems by mobilizing the most advanced knowledge and know-how in economic geography and urban economics;
- acquire, synthesize and analyze individual and/or open data relevant to study spatial inequalities and/or evaluate urban, transport and housing policies;
- implement appropriate econometric techniques to evaluate spatial and/or urban policies.
Lecture 1 : Spatial Inequalities: An Overview
Lecture 2 : The Core-Periphery Model of Economic Geography: Theory and Practice
Lecture 3 : The Bell-Shaped Curve of Spatial Development: Theory and Practice
Lecture 4 : An introduction to Urban Economic Theory
Lecture 5 : Benefits and Costs of Living in Cities
Lecture 6 : Success and Failure of Place-Based Policies
- Cheshire, Nathan and Overman (2014), Urban Economics and Urban policies: Challenging conventional policy wisdom, Edgar Elgar.
- Combes, Mayer and Thisse (2008), Economic Geography. The Integration of Regions and Nations, Princeton University Press.
- Crozet and Lafourcade (2009), La Nouvelle Economie Géographique, La Découverte, Repères n°542.
- Fujita, Krugman and Venables (1999), The Spatial Economy, Cities, Regions and International Trade, The MIT Press.
- Fujita (1999), Urban Economic Theory: Land Use and City Size, Cambridge University Press.
- Lafourcade et Mayneris, 2017, En finir avec les ghettos urbains ? Retour sur l’expérience des zones franches urbaines, La rue d’Ulm, collection « Opuscules du CEPREMAP » n°44.
- Zenou (2009), Urban Labor Economics, Cambridge University Press.